One of the common mistakes we make when studying the Civil War is calling the North industrial and the South agricultural. Yes, it is true that he North was industrializing before the War and the South was not, but we need to call it just that industrializing. The North was not industrial. The vast majority of northerners were still working on farms. So, when we make the comparison it needs to be between two agricultural economies in which one was starting to build an industrial base. A base that was incredibly influential in winning the War.