Outside of North Africa there was not too much fighting in the Middle East during WWII. However, the war did have some effects after it was over. One of the effects was the growth of Arab Nationalism. The newly created nations were upset by European control since the end of WWI and they discussed the creation of one large Arab state. What stopped this new entity was leadership. Iraq, Egypt and Saudi Arabia all wanted leadership of the new state. In the end, they settled on a loose confederation instead called the Arab League. There was one key issue for the Arab League—Palestine and the spread of Zionism.